Chirascan
Q100

Product details
Resources Support Contact
Chirascan
Q100
Product details
Resources Support Contact

THE WALK-AWAY CIRCULAR DICHROISM INSTRUMENT FOR REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS

Chirascan Q100 provides detailed insight into the Higher Order Structure (HOS) characteristics of complex biomolecules.

Reproducible robotics and high performance circular dichroism spectroscopy combine to generate quality data compatible with the most stringent statistical analysis methods. The result: objective, statistically-validated HOS comparisons.

Fully integrated for unattended operation, Chirascan Q100 saves days of operator time, analyzing 48 buffer-sample pairs over 24 hours whereas an experienced operator processes up to 14 samples per day on a manual system.

Performance

Increased sensitivity for superior detection

  • Avalanche photodiode detector enhances sensitivity
  • Higher signal:noise ratio than conventional photomultiplier tube detectors
  • Accurate normalization from simultaneous measurement of absorbance and CD

For being able to identify minor spectral differences due to subtle changes in molecular structure, high sensitivity is key—particularly for tertiary structure assessment by near-UV CD and HOS comparisons, e.g., for forced degradation studies.

Calibration with confidence

  • Accurate CD values across entire wavelength range
  • Overcome challenges of chemical calibration
  • Optics-based, multiwavelength calibration

Conventional chemical calibration methods require considerable skill in preparation. Standards, such as ­camphor-10-sulfonic acid (CSA), are unstable, photolabile, and hygroscopic. In addition, single-wavelength ­calibration (290.5 nm) assumes the same linear response at all ­wavelengths.

The optics-based, multiwavelength calibration method used for Chirascan V100 and Chirascan Q100 systems overcomes these challenges. The correct calibration is applied to every wavelength to yield accurate CD values.

 

 

 

 

Publications

Features and accessories

Chirascan systems are supplied with the features and accessories required for acquisition of high quality data from ‘day one’.

Molecular sieve, activated charcoal filter
  • Removes common gas impurities
Active nitrogen management system
  • Regulates purge gas consumption
  • Software-controlled
Air-cooled xenon lamp
  • Software-controlled
  • Up-time recorded
Monochromator
  • Produces horizontally, linearly polarized ­monochromatic light
  • Dual polarizing prisms maximize light ­throughput
Photoelastic modulator
  • Converts horizontally polarized light to ­circularly polarized light. ­Alternates between left- and right-handed circular polarized light
Integrated autosampler
  • Eliminate sample handling errors
  • Precise liquid handling and reproducibility
  • Temperature-controlled storage maintains sample integrity
Temperature-controlled sample chamber
  • Consistent analytical conditions
  • Continuous temperature ramps (single sample mode)
Water circulator
  • Dissipates heat from sample chamber and sample storage Peltiers
Avalanche photodiode detector
  • Highest sensitivity (high signal: noise)
Optics-based, multiwave­length calibration
  • For CD accuracy at every wavelength
Fixed flow cells
  • Eliminates errors of cuvette handling
  • Recognized by Chirascan Control to select run/wash/dry protocols
  • Choice of pathlength to optimize ­concentration and absorbance
Cuvettes and holders
  • Selected for far- and near-UV CD analysis of biomolecules (single sample mode)

HOS Comparison Software

Optimized for Chirascan Q100

  • Confirming the statistical significance of any detected change in HOS requires a minimum of five sample replicates to enable robust analysis*. HOS comparison software is therefore optimized for analysis of the raw (unsmoothed) data generated on a Chirascan Q100 system to ensure
  • An ability to detect minor changes in HOS
  • An autosampler and flow cell combine to increase reproducibility by eliminating variability due to manual handling of samples and cuvettes
  • An avalanche photodiode detector achieves a sensitivity far greater than a conventional photomultiplier detector
  • An ability to increase number of replicates without increasing demands on operator time

The software includes comparison methods and statistics associated with several statistical methods. However, we recommend calculating z-scores to quantify the similarity between a single spectrum and the reference dataset for each sample using ‘weighted spectral difference’ Dinh et al.

For more information about quality range tests consult guidance documents from the relevant regulatory agencies.  For example: Development of Therapeutic Protein Biosimilars: Comparative Analytical Assessment and Other Quality-Related Considerations – Guidance for Industry, CDER, FDA

*Analyses with three or four replicates can be sufficient for proof of principle studies, but statistical analysis with less than three replicates is not mathematically possible

Note: t-tests are not recommended for HOS comparisons and are absent from the statistical approaches recommended by regulatory agencies at this time.

  • HOS Comparison software enables calculation of weighted spectral difference scores for reference and sample datasets – converting spectra into numerical data.
  • These scores are then exported and used to generate a quality range test or equivalence test as recommended by the FDA.
Data obtained on a Chirascan Q100
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